A somewhat more complicated device for measuring fluid pressure consists of a bent tube containing one or more liquid of different specific gravities. Such a device is known as manometer.

In using a manometer, generally a known pressure (which may be atmospheric) is applied to one end of the manometer tube and the unknown pressure to be determined is applied to the other end.

In some cases, however, the difference between pressure at ends of the manometer tube is desired rather than the actual pressure at the either end. A manometer to determine this differential pressure is known as differential pressure manometer.

Manometers - Various forms

  1. Simple U - tube Manometer
  2. Inverted U - tube Manometer
  3. U - tube with one leg enlarged
  4. Two fluid U - tube Manometer
  5. Inclined U - tube Manometer